New finance

Catalyst Fund aims to fill gap in social enterprise support

Daisy Ford-Downes: transformational

A fund designed to finance ambitious social enterprises has been launched by Firstport and Social Enterprise Scotland.

The Catalyst Fund offers loans starting at £50,000 using a revenue-based repayment model. Firstport says it enables social enterprises the flexibility they need in their early stages of development and fills a gap in the existing social investment framework. 

The fund has been made possible by a £15 million investment from the Scottish Government and will complement the existing social enterprise support and funding infrastructure to build on the current ambition of the sector.  

Revenue-based financing is growing in popularity as an alternative to more traditional mechanisms to help companies grow – debt financing and equity financing. The Catalyst Fund claims to be the first to use this model to finance social enterprises in Scotland and is a welcome addition to the existing social investment provision. 

Most social investment products on the market are like bank loans – social enterprises make fixed repayments over a specific period until they have repaid the loan amount plus interest. This model often does not work for early-stage social enterprises that, for example, might need time to develop technologies or whose revenue streams might be uneven at the beginning. 


The Catalyst Fund repayments are based upon a percentage of the trading income earned by the enterprise, making it more flexible. There is no specific length of term either – revenue-based repayments continue until an agreed amount is repaid. This form of repayment means the Catalyst Fund is aligned with the growth of the enterprise, meaning it can prioritise growth and impact.

Daisy Ford-Downes, head of group investment programmes at Firstport said:  “The Catalyst Fund could really transform the way we build social enterprises in Scotland.

“At Firstport and Social Enterprise Scotland, we have been listening to social entrepreneurs and reviewing the data, and we know that there is a gap in social investment for early-stage social enterprises. It is a missing stepping-stone in the path, and it is preventing too many from reaching their full potential. 

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