Alcohol sales fall in first year of minimum unit pricing
Beer sales were among the fallers
Health professionals hailed a fall in the sale of alcohol in Scotland’s shops during the first year of minimum pricing.
The legislation, introduced in May 2018, was designed to improve the nation’s health and ministers will be encourage by these early results.
Figures showed that sales increased south of the border, where there is no minimum pricing, adding further credibility to the data.
NHS research found the volume of pure alcohol sold per person dropped from 7.4 to 7.1 litres – a fall of 3.6%. In England and Wales the volume rose from 6.3 to 6.5 litres.
The reduction in pure alcohol sold in Scotland was the equivalent of 26 units per person per person – about 12 pints of average strength beer.
The biggest impact of minimum unit pricing (MUP) was on cider sales which fell by nearly a fifth (18.6%).
The price of cider rose from 13p per unit on average to 56p following the law change.
Fortified wine – which had no price change from 60p per unit – was the only drink to show an increase, up 16.4%.
Sales of spirits fell by 3.8%, wine fell 3% and beer sales dropped to 1.1%.
Minimum pricing saw the price of beer and spirits rise 6p per unit on average, to 57p and 58p respectively, while wine jumped by 14p to 61p.
The policy was introduced after years of legal challenges from the drinks industry.
It targeted low cost, high strength products, seen as a source of problem drinking, by setting a minimum price of 50p per unit of alcohol.
Lucie Giles, public health intelligence adviser at NHS Health Scotland, said: “Today’s findings show that the scale of change varies according to drink category.
“For example, per adult sales of cider saw the greatest decrease, and this was likely to be associated with cider having the greatest relative increase in average sales price, once MUP came into force.”
The researchers said it was unlikely the increase in alcohol sales in northern England was due to cross-border “booze cruises” because similar rises were also observed further south.
I remain convinced MUP is one of the main drivers in reducing alcohol harm– Joe FitzPatrick, Public Health Minister
Public Health Minister Joe FitzPatrick said the findings showed Scotland was moving in the “right direction”.
He added: “We have seen a change in the average price of alcohol, with the average price per unit rising by approximately 5p in Scotland compared to England and Wales.
“While the impact of reduced consumption will take a little longer to show, I remain convinced MUP is one of the main drivers in reducing alcohol harm.”
British Medical Association Scotland chairman Dr Lewis Morrison said: “Minimum unit pricing is still in its infancy – we are not even two years into the policy – but already we seeing a change and that is extremely encouraging for its long-term strategy.”
The Scottish government has said it will review the level of minimum pricing after May, the second anniversary of the law coming into force.