Four former senior bankers at Barclays will appear in court next week charged with committing fraud during the 2008 crash.

The case, which opens on Monday and is expected to last four months, has been brought by the Serious Fraud Office against former CEO John Varley and three colleagues.

It focuses on the bank’s desperate search for funding in the Middle East in June and October 2008 to avoid following the collapse of Lloyds and Royal Bank of Scotland which needed to be rescued by the taxpayer.