More young people coming north of border
Scottish population hits new record high
Statistics published today by the National Records of Scotland (NRS) show that the estimated population of Scotland in mid-2014 was 5,347,600, a rise of 19,900 (0.4%) since mid-2013.
The increase was partly due to 3,500 more people being born than died. The figures also show that 49,240 people moved to Scotland from elsewhere in the UK while 39,660 left for other parts of Britain.
A further 33,200 people came to Scotland from overseas and 25,200 left Scotland to go overseas giving a net migration gain of 8,000, which represents about 1 in 700 (0.14%) of the total population.
Midlothian had the largest percentage population increase, up 1.8%, followed by Aberdeenshire and Edinburgh City, up 1.1%, and East Renfrewshire, up 1%. Inverclyde saw the largest number leave the area, falling by 0.6%, followed by Eilean Siar, down 0.5% and Argyll & Bute, down 0.4%.
The average age of someone living in Scotland is 41, although it is lower in the bigger cities and higher in rural areas.
Migrants to Scotland tended to be younger than the general population
- Over two thirds of migrants from overseas and nearly half of migrants from the rest of the UK were aged 16-34 years. In the population as a whole, only a quarter were in this age group.
- Only seven per cent of people coming to Scotland from the rest of the UK and one per cent of people entering from overseas were aged 65 and over. Scotland had a net gain of UK migrants in every age group and a net loss of international migrants for the majority of migrants aged over 45.
The average age of Scotland’s population was lower in the big city areas than in more rural council areas
- The median age (the age at which half the population is older and half is younger) of the population in Scotland was 41.
- The median age was lower in big city areas (35 in Glasgow City and 36 in Aberdeen City and the City of Edinburgh) than in more rural Council areas (47 in Argyll & Bute, Dumfries & Galloway, Eilean Siar, Scottish Borders and South Ayrshire).
The population in 23 council areas has increased while in nine council areas the population has decreased.
- Between mid-2013 and mid-2014, Midlothian had the largest percentage population increase at +1.8 per cent, followed by Aberdeenshire and Edinburgh City (+1.1 per cent) and East Renfrewshire (+1.0 per cent). Inverclyde had the largest percentage population decrease at -0.6 per cent, followed by Eilean Siar (-0.5 per cent) and Argyll & Bute (-0.4 per cent).
- The populations of Aberdeenshire and the City of Edinburgh increased because of more births than deaths and because of net in-migration. (The populations in Midlothian and East Renfrewshire increased primarily because of net in-migration). In contrast, the populations of Inverclyde, Eilean Siar and Argyll & Bute decreased because of more deaths than births and because of net out-migration.
- On average, in mid-2014 there were 69 people per square kilometre in Scotland, ranging from nine people per square kilometre in Eilean Siar and Highland to 3,433 people per square kilometre in Glasgow City Council area.
Picture: More young people are coming to Scotland (Edinburgh Airport)